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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

The parity penalty in life course perspective

Abstract

"Research documents a wage penalty for mothers compared to childless women. We demonstrate there is also an occupational status penalty to motherhood. Interrogating supply- and demand-side explanations of the motherhood penalty from the life course perspective, we formulate and test original hypotheses about the short-term and long-run career implications of parity-specific births. We analyze longitudinal data from the European Community and Household Panel for 13 European countries and eight time points between 1994 and 2001. Our fixed-effects models show that status losses for a first birth are not just short-term but accumulate over the career. The timing of a birth in a woman's life course matters only for older women, who experience a significant penalty to third births. Although the personal strategies that women use to minimize the career costs of motherhood (e.g., having only one child) prove ineffective, our cross-national evidence shows that public policies are linked to the motherhood penalty in occupational status." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Autorin / Autor

  • Abendroth, Anja-Kristin
  • Huffman, Matt L.
  • Treas, Judith

Bibliografische Daten

Abendroth, Anja-Kristin; Huffman, Matt L.; Treas, Judith (2014): The parity penalty in life course perspective * motherhood and occupational status in 13 European countries. In: American Sociological Review, Vol. 79, No. 5, S. 993 - 1014.
 

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