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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Early child care and maternal employment: empirical evidence from Germany

    14 January 2019

    This paper examines the effect of an expansion of subsidized early child care on maternal labor market outcomes. It contributes to the literature by analyzing, apart from the employment rate and agreed working hours, preferred working hours. Using the legal claim for subsidized child care introduced in Germany in August 2013 for children aged one to three years, I apply a semi-parametric difference-in-differences estimator to examine maternal labor market outcomes.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 2/2019


    The rise of online labour markets: freelancing and gig working via internet platforms

    20 December 2018

    Hands on a notebook and a graphicGUEST CONTRIBUTION Gig work apps’ food delivery drivers have become a familiar sight in many European cities. However, there is also a completely digital version of platform-mediated non-standard work. In online gig work, self-employed workers complete projects remotely for clients obtained through online labour platforms. Surveys suggest that similar proportions of European workers engage in online gig work and local gig work, yet the two differ significantly. The online gig economy is transnational and spans a full spectrum of skills, from data entry to software development. It offers an interesting view to the future of skills, social protection, and industrial relations in Europe.

    he full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.

     


    The Effect of Compulsory Service on Life Satisfaction and its Channels

    18 December 2018
    Compulsory military service is still a prominent feature of young people’s careers in many countries. We use the abolition of compulsory military and civil service for males in 2011 in Germany as a natural experiment to identify effects of institutionalized career disruptions on life satisfaction. Drawing on data from the SOEP, we apply a difference-in-differences design (comparing young males and females) to assess the causal effect of this reform on individual life satisfaction. Our results show a significant and robust positive effect of the abolition of compulsory service on young males’ life satisfaction. Furthermore, we provide empirical evidence that reductions in career disruptions, forgone earnings, uncertainty regarding the future, and forced labor contribute to this effect.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2018

    Departing from the beaten track – trends of working in the digital transformation

    20 November 2018

    Young people holding smartphones and notebooks in their handsOur economy and society are facing major challenges in times of digital transformation, demographic change and increasing globalisation – developments which are increasingly gaining momentum. Everything is becoming more volatile, many things are changing at an incredible pace – this holds many opportunities but also risks. This will also significantly change the way we live and work in years to come. For this reason, it is essential for all of us to deal with developments in this area. Frequently, we ourselves are the drivers of this development – whether as consumers, employees or entrepreneurs.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.



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