Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Navigation zu den wichtigsten Bereichen.


Zertifikat "audit berufundfamilie"

Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Magnitude, structure and dynamics of chronic unemployment in Denmark, Finland and Germany

    24 April 2019

    Individual unemployment spells are frequently interrupted by short casual employment, by participation in active labour market policy (ALMP) measures or by periods outside the labour force. Such episodes end unemployment spells but afterwards the person gets often unemployed again, and the conventional statistics do not capture the actual length of the individual problem of being without a “real” job in the longer run. To better grasp this problem of repeated unemployment we analyse unemployment trajectories of individuals with weak links to the labor market in the longer run. For this purpose, we introduce the concept of “chronic unemployment” (CU). Our empirical analysis applies unique comparable and very detailed longitudinal register data to study the CU problem in Denmark, Finland and Germany. We find that chronically unemployed make up about one third of all unemployed in all three countries.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2019

    Electromobility 2035 Economic and labour market effects through the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars

    18 April 2019

    This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars (e-mobility). The automotive industry is one of the leading sectors in Germany and the country is one of the world’s leading car producers. Therefore the economic impact could be extensive. Using the scenario technique, a number of assumptions have been made and integrated into the QINFORGE analytical tool.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2019

    Does facilitated access to the health system improve asylum-seekers’ health outcomes? Evidence from a quasi-Experiment

    16 April 2019

    As long as their asylum application is not approved or their duration of stay does not exceed 15 months, asylum-seekers who require doctor visit have to claim it either by the local authority for foreigners or the responsible social assistance office in Germany. Since 2016 several Federal states and municipalities in Germany have launched the procedure to hand out electronic health cards (eHC) which allow immediate direct access to the health system for asylum-seekers. In this paper, we examine whether being eligible to the eHC as a result of the policy change has had an effect on the health outcomes of asylum-seekers in Germany.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2019

    „We need legal migration to stabilise the Italian social security system“. An interview with Professor Tito Boeri

    12 April 2019

    Tito BoeriWith his pro-migration media statements, the Italian economics Professor Tito Boeri expresses his open dissent with the Italian government. He argues that Italy needs migration in order to secure the prosperity of the Italian society, the social standards, and the pension system. Tito Boeri was President of the Italian National Social Security Institute from March 2015 to February 2019 and is now professor at Bocconi University, Milan. In his interview with the IAB-Forum, Boeri explains the current situation and the future of the Italian social security system.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.

    Benefit underreporting in survey data and its consequences for measuring non-take-up: new evidence from linked administrative and survey data

    02 April 2019

    The international literature studies non-take-up behavior of eligible populations to evaluate the effectiveness of government programs. A major challenge in this literature is the measurement error regarding benefit take-up. Measurement error is typically addressed by structural assumptions in the modeling framework. In our data, we observe both actual welfare receipt and respondents’ survey information on their take-up. This allows us to observe the measurement errors that other researchers must estimate. We describe survey misreporting and investigate how it biases the estimates of the magnitude and patterns of benefit take-up among eligible households. Our findings suggest that the extent of measurement error can be substantial. It varies with the characteristics of the misreporting population and is associated with the drivers of underreporting. This indicates that survey-based analyses of take-up behavior are likely subject to severe biases.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2019

    “The labour market integration of refugees is working out much better than we expected.” An interview with Herbert Brücker and Yuliya Kosyakova

    25 March 2019

    Yuliya Kosyakova und Herbert Brücker im GesprächIn order to learn more about the situation of refugees in Germany, and how it develops, a representative longitudinal survey has been launched in 2016: the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees. The study partners include the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), the Research Center of the Federal Office of Migrants and Refugees (BAMF-FZ) and the Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin). The results of the second survey wave from 2017 have now been published in a current IAB-Kurzbericht (short report). Herbert Brücker and Yuliya Kosyakova, senior researchers at the IAB, who co-authored the Kurzbericht are themselves surprised by some of the results, as they reveal in an interview with the IAB Forum editing team.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.

    Age Diversity and Innovation: Do mixed teams of old and experienced and young and restless employees foster companies innovativeness?

    04 March 2019

    In Germany, the labour force is ageing rapidly. At the same time, age heterogeneity within companies is rising. The literature on diversity argues that heterogeneity can have a positive as well as a detrimental effect on team outputs. Our paper sheds light on the impact of age diversity on the likelihood of a company to create product or process innovations. Based on our analysis of the Linked Employer-Employee-Data from the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) over the 2009-2013 period, we focus on different indicators of age diversity within a company’s workforce (variety, separation and disparity).

    IAB-Discussion Paper 4/2019




Our magazine IAB-Forum is now available online.

IAB labour market barometer

The current perspective on the labour market:
IAB labour market barometer

Current publications

Current reports (discontinued)

The publication series "Current reports" is now an integrated part of the online magazin IAB-Forum.