Offshoring and Firm Overlap
22 February 2017
The authors set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical
regularities of German offshoring firms. There is selection of larger, more productive firms
into offshoring. However, the selection is not sharp, and offshoring and non-offshoring firms
coexist over a wide range of the revenue distribution.
IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2017
Labour Market Effects of Wage Inequality and Skill Biased Technical Change in Germany
14 February 2017
This paper analyses the relationship between wage inequality and labour market development. Relevant economic theories are ambiguous, just as public debates. We measure the effects of wage inequality, skill-biased and skill-neutral technology on hours worked, productivity and wages in a novel structural vector error correction framework identified by non-recursive long-run restrictions.
IAB-Discussion Paper 5/2017
The role of employer, job and employee characteristics for flexible working time
07 February 2017
Modern working societies face the challenge to combine the establishments’ with the employees’ needs for working-time flexibility. The authors investigate the determinants of overtime and different working hours’ arrangements using the German Linked Employer-Employee Study of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP-LEE) and logistic regression models. The results show that employer and job characteristics are most important for determining overtime and the different working hours’ arrangements, underlining the power of employers with regard to working-time flexibility.
IAB-Discussion Paper 4/2017
Early termination of vocational training: dropout or stopout?
30 January 2017
This paper studies the factors that influence the beginning of either a new vocational training in another occupation (stopout) or the stop of vocational training altogether after an early termination (dropout of the vocational system). One influencing factor is the amount of the human capital acquired which is determined by the duration of (early terminated) vocational training.
IAB-Discussion Paper 3/2017
Cohort size and transitions into the labour market
23 January 2017
This paper estimates the effect that the size of an individual’s labour-market entry cohort has on the subsequent duration of search for employment. Survival-analysis methods are applied to empirically assess this relationship using a sample of appren-ticeship graduates who entered the German labour market between 1999 and 2012.
IAB-Discussion Paper 2/2017
EU 4.0 – The Debate on Digitalisation and the Labour Market in Europe
16 January 2017
In the recent years an intensive discussion in politics, research, business and socie-tyon the influence of digitalisation on the working world has evolved. This developmentis expected to exert profound effects on the use of human labour. However, judgements widely diverge. The comprehensive debates on “industry 4.0” and “labour 4.0” in Germany are concerned with influences of digitalisation on the economy and the labour market, substitutability of jobs as well as conditions, qualificationsand regulations for a new world of employment. The underlying report gives an overview for several European countries and for the level of the European Union.
IAB-Discussion Paper 39/2016
Forecasting Labour Supply and Population: An Integrated Stochastic Model
09 January 2017
This paper presents a stochastic integrated model to forecast the German Population and labour supply until 2060. Within a cohort-component approach, the Population forecast applies principal components to birth, mortality, emigration and Immigration rates.
IAB-Discussion Paper 1/2017
Economy 4.0 and its labour market and economic impacts
27 December 2016
This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of "Economy 4.0", the digitalisation of the economy as a whole and not only in industrial production processes. These developments involve considerable challenges at enterprise and political level.