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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

 

    The dual apprenticeship system in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    16 August 2017

    Ausbildung KFZ-LehrstätteYouth unemployment in Germany is very low by international standards. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller attributes this success to three factors: the favourable economic situation, the introduction of “youth employment advisory services” (Jugendberufsagenturen) supporting the transition from school to employment and, in particular, the well-established system of dual vocational training, which combines on-the-job training in the firms with part-time education in a vocational school.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Regional mobility of unemployed workers

    11 August 2017

    Modern labour markets are characterised by the high levels of flexibility they demand of workers and unemployed individuals in particular. Increasing the willingness of jobseekers for regional mobility is an integral part of this development and was at the heart of the far reaching Hartz reforms of the German labour market in the early 2000s. Within this context, this research assesses the role regional mobility plays in the job search of unemployed individuals.

    IAB-Bibliothek 365


    Ethnic diversity in start-ups and its impact on Innovation

    08 August 2017

    The study analyses the impact of different ethnic compositions of start-ups in Germany on the innovativeness of the new businesses. We are able to distinguish between the ethnicity of the founders and that of the early employees following new results that demonstrate the importance of including all new firms’ stakeholders for the firm’s success. We make use of a measure introduced by Ruef (2002) and Ruef et al. (2003) which not only takes into account the number of different ethnicities involved, but also includes the unusualness of the ethnic compositions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 25/2017


    Creative and science oriented employees and firm innovation: A key for Smarter Cities?

    07 August 2017

    This paper examines the link between the endowment of creative and science based STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics – workers and the level of the firm and firm- and city-/regional-level innovation in Germany. It also looks into whether the presence of these two groups of workers has greater benefits for larger cities than smaller locations, thus justifying policies to attract these workers in order to make German cities ‘smarter’.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2017


    Refugees and migration in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    03 August 2017

    Beitragsbild MigrationIn recent years, Germany has taken in a great number of people who abandoned their home countries fleeing from the war, political persecution and economic hardship. In 2015, the number of those who fled to Germany amounted to almost one million which is a historic record high. Integration of these people into the labour market poses a massive challenge for the country. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller gives an overview of the results of a large-scale refugee survey, and discusses the prospects of integration of those who fled to Germany into the German labour market, as well as the impact on the labour market status of the native population.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Identifying Asymmetric Effects of Labor Market Reforms

    01 August 2017

    This paper investigates whether the effects of structural labor market reforms depend on the business cycle. Based on search and matching theory, the authors propose an unobserved components approach with Markov switching to distinguish the effects of structural reforms that increase the flexibility of the labor market in recession and expansion.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 23/2017


    Innovation and Location in German Knowledge Intensive Business Service firms

    26 July 2017

    Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) are widely perceived as being important drivers of technological progress and innovation. KIBS are generally understood as depending, driving and thriving on knowledge exchanges and therefore, geographical proximity to markets, customers and suppliers would be expected to be a critical factor in their performance. This paper investigates how the innovation performance and processes of KIBS firms are related to their distance from the nearest city and also to the size of the nearest city.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 22/2017


    The German minimum wage: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    20 July 2017

    5-Euro-Schein und MünzenAfter many years of debates, 2015 saw the introduction of a statutory minimum wage of € 8.50 per hour (€ 8.84 since 2017) in Germany. While opponents of the minimum wage predicted negative effects on employment, some advocates expected the number of wage earners depending on social basic benefits to decrease significantly due to the minimum wage. In an interview for the IAB-Forum, Joachim Möller, Director of IAB, explains to what extent these fears or hopes proved true.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Stability of Functional Labour Market Regions

    20 July 2017

    The number of commuters and the distances of home-to-work travel have increased in recent decades. Based on a previous study that proposed a new approach for delineating functional labour market regions, this paper focuses on the temporal stability of delineations of labour market regions in Germany. In a comparison of the best delineations among pooled groups of three years beginning in 1993, regions are classified as core regions, related regions or overlapping regions. The main finding is that regions surrounding important labour market centres form stable labour markets. Over time, most employees belong to the same labour market region or parts of it.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 21/2016


    Digitalising the economy: The future of employment and qualification in Germany

    17 July 2017

    Mann im RechenzentrumThe new complex and intelligent digitalisation poses a significant challenge to the economies and the labour markets. In this context, Enzo Weber discusses in his article on the IAB online magazine the future of employment and changes in qualification requirements as well as policies for vocational and further training, social security and the coordination of flexibility. Weber provides a view on the development in Germany as a large Continental economy.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    European unemployment insurance: finding the golden mean

    12 July 2017

    EU-Flaggen vor Gebäude Enzo Weber publishes an article on the concept of a European unemployment insurance on the IAB online magazine.

    The idea is to insure all Euorpean workers for unemployment in a common system. This aims at macroeconomically stabilising all of Europe. However, that does not necessarily require the invention of a new insurance. The same effect could also be achieved by a European backup budget, financed by the member states.

    You can find the full article in our magazine IAB-Forum


    What harmonised and registered unemployment rates do not tell

    11 July 2017
    The most commonly used statistical sources for the analysis of unemployment are registered unemployment (RU) at the national level and internationally harmonised unemployment data provided by the European Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) ac-cording to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) standard. The logic behind both unemployment statistics is to count people "without work" only when they are “actively looking” and “available for work”.
    This methodological study provides an in-depth analysis of the discrepancies between registered unemployment (RU) and internationally harmonised unemployment (LFS-U) in a comparative view. For ten selected EU-countries (Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK) they show in which countries the registers are more restrictive than the survey and vice versa.

    IAB-Forschungsbericht 6/2017

    Knowledge at first click – IAB-Forum goes online

    30 June 2017

    IAB-Forum onlineLabour markets have become more international, more interlinked.  Many employees now expect that their work will take them abroad, to new labour markets.  Likewise, labour markets like ours in Germany require migration to meet the skills needs we have at home.  At the IAB, we see this internationalisation not only in research but also on a practical level. Interest in our research from foreign policymakers and experts used to be the exception; now it’s the norm. 

    For this reason, we want to offer you a bespoke international section in our new online magazine IAB-Forum: where you can access the latest English-language research and analysis in a way which is tailored to the interests of our international partners. It offers, among others, relevant basic information about the main features and developments of the German labour market.

    You will also find an interesting video interview with IAB director Joachim Möller about the reasons for the German job miracle.



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IAB-Forum

Our magazine IAB-Forum is now available online.

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The current perspective on the labour market:
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Current reports (discontinued)

The publication series "Current reports" is now an integrated part of the online magazin IAB-Forum.

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