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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Digital Social Security: How does it work? An interview with Professor Enzo Weber

    13 June 2019

    Eine junge Frau arbeitet an einem LaptopProfessor Enzo Weber talks in this video interview about his concept of Digital Social Security. He describes the cornerstones of Digital Social Security, how a digital approach, an international concept and national social security can be combined, and what practical first steps need to be undertaken to put this approach into practice.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Protectionism and the argument for creating jobs at home

    23 May 2019

    Containerschiff im HafenIn the political debate, trade protectionism has been frequently associated with keeping and increasing the number of jobs at home. The argument is, however, not so simple, since international trade in products and services is organised within global value chains. Goods that are further processed and not used for final consumption play a key role in international commerce. Increasing trade barriers for those so-called “intermediates” can be particularly costly for an economy and lead to job losses in connected industries.

    The article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    The IAB-INCHER project of earned doctorates (IIPED): A supervised machine learning approach to identify doctorate recipients in the German integrated employment biography data.

    23 May 2019

    Only scarce information is available on doctorate recipients’ career outcomes in Germany. With the current information base, graduate students cannot make an informed decision whether to start a doctorate. Administrative labour market data could provide the necessary information, is however incomplete in this respect. In this paper, we describe the record linkage of two datasets to close this information gap: data on doctorate recipients collected in the catalogue of the German National Library (DNB), and the German labour market biographies (IEB) from the German Institute of Employment Research.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 13/2019


    GDP-Employment Decoupling and the Slow-down of Productivity Growth in Germany

    08 May 2019

    This paper investigates the time-varying relationship between German output and employment growth, in particular their decoupling in recent years. The authors estimate a correlated unobserved components model that allows for persistent and cyclical time variation in the employment-GDP linkage as well as an additional employment component beyond the one linked to GDP.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2019


    Why do women earn more than men in some regions? Explaining regional differences in the gender pay gap in Germany

    07 May 2019

    This paper provides first-time evidence on the magnitude and determinants of regional differences in the gender pay gap (GPG) in Germany. Using a comprehensive data set of all full-time employees, the authors conduct Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions for Germany and its regions to explain the regional variation of the GPG with theory-based individual, job-related and regional characteristics.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2019


    Labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. An interview with Regina Konle-Seidl

    30 April 2019

    Mature male supervisor talking with worker in metal industryRegina Konle-Seidl, researcher at the IAB in Nuremberg, compares in our video interview policies to facilitate labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. She focusses on country strategies to adapt the asylum and integration system to the high numbers of new arrivals, gives special attention to the political discourse and the role of public opinion, and explains innovative approaches and gaps with respect to labour market integration of migrants.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Wages of migrant and native employees in Germany: new light on an old issue

    25 April 2019

    The German workforce is expected to decline in future and labour-oriented immigration should counteract labour shortages. Fair wages in Germany set incentives for foreigners to immigrate there. Therefore this paper aims to shed new light on the decomposition of the wage gap between foreign and native full-time employees.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2019


    Magnitude, structure and dynamics of chronic unemployment in Denmark, Finland and Germany

    24 April 2019

    Individual unemployment spells are frequently interrupted by short casual employment, by participation in active labour market policy (ALMP) measures or by periods outside the labour force. Such episodes end unemployment spells but afterwards the person gets often unemployed again, and the conventional statistics do not capture the actual length of the individual problem of being without a “real” job in the longer run. To better grasp this problem of repeated unemployment we analyse unemployment trajectories of individuals with weak links to the labor market in the longer run. For this purpose, we introduce the concept of “chronic unemployment” (CU). Our empirical analysis applies unique comparable and very detailed longitudinal register data to study the CU problem in Denmark, Finland and Germany. We find that chronically unemployed make up about one third of all unemployed in all three countries.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2019


    Electromobility 2035 Economic and labour market effects through the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars

    18 April 2019

    This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars (e-mobility). The automotive industry is one of the leading sectors in Germany and the country is one of the world’s leading car producers. Therefore the economic impact could be extensive. Using the scenario technique, a number of assumptions have been made and integrated into the QINFORGE analytical tool.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2019



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