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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    GDP-Employment Decoupling and the Slow-down of Productivity Growth in Germany

    08 May 2019

    This paper investigates the time-varying relationship between German output and employment growth, in particular their decoupling in recent years. The authors estimate a correlated unobserved components model that allows for persistent and cyclical time variation in the employment-GDP linkage as well as an additional employment component beyond the one linked to GDP.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2019


    Why do women earn more than men in some regions? Explaining regional differences in the gender pay gap in Germany

    07 May 2019

    This paper provides first-time evidence on the magnitude and determinants of regional differences in the gender pay gap (GPG) in Germany. Using a comprehensive data set of all full-time employees, the authors conduct Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions for Germany and its regions to explain the regional variation of the GPG with theory-based individual, job-related and regional characteristics.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2019


    Labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. An interview with Regina Konle-Seidl

    30 April 2019

    Mature male supervisor talking with worker in metal industryRegina Konle-Seidl, researcher at the IAB in Nuremberg, compares in our video interview policies to facilitate labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. She focusses on country strategies to adapt the asylum and integration system to the high numbers of new arrivals, gives special attention to the political discourse and the role of public opinion, and explains innovative approaches and gaps with respect to labour market integration of migrants.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Wages of migrant and native employees in Germany: new light on an old issue

    25 April 2019

    The German workforce is expected to decline in future and labour-oriented immigration should counteract labour shortages. Fair wages in Germany set incentives for foreigners to immigrate there. Therefore this paper aims to shed new light on the decomposition of the wage gap between foreign and native full-time employees.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2019


    Magnitude, structure and dynamics of chronic unemployment in Denmark, Finland and Germany

    24 April 2019

    Individual unemployment spells are frequently interrupted by short casual employment, by participation in active labour market policy (ALMP) measures or by periods outside the labour force. Such episodes end unemployment spells but afterwards the person gets often unemployed again, and the conventional statistics do not capture the actual length of the individual problem of being without a “real” job in the longer run. To better grasp this problem of repeated unemployment we analyse unemployment trajectories of individuals with weak links to the labor market in the longer run. For this purpose, we introduce the concept of “chronic unemployment” (CU). Our empirical analysis applies unique comparable and very detailed longitudinal register data to study the CU problem in Denmark, Finland and Germany. We find that chronically unemployed make up about one third of all unemployed in all three countries.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2019


    Electromobility 2035 Economic and labour market effects through the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars

    18 April 2019

    This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars (e-mobility). The automotive industry is one of the leading sectors in Germany and the country is one of the world’s leading car producers. Therefore the economic impact could be extensive. Using the scenario technique, a number of assumptions have been made and integrated into the QINFORGE analytical tool.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2019


    Does facilitated access to the health system improve asylum-seekers’ health outcomes? Evidence from a quasi-Experiment

    16 April 2019

    As long as their asylum application is not approved or their duration of stay does not exceed 15 months, asylum-seekers who require doctor visit have to claim it either by the local authority for foreigners or the responsible social assistance office in Germany. Since 2016 several Federal states and municipalities in Germany have launched the procedure to hand out electronic health cards (eHC) which allow immediate direct access to the health system for asylum-seekers. In this paper, we examine whether being eligible to the eHC as a result of the policy change has had an effect on the health outcomes of asylum-seekers in Germany.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2019


    „We need legal migration to stabilise the Italian social security system“. An interview with Professor Tito Boeri

    12 April 2019

    Tito BoeriWith his pro-migration media statements, the Italian economics Professor Tito Boeri expresses his open dissent with the Italian government. He argues that Italy needs migration in order to secure the prosperity of the Italian society, the social standards, and the pension system. Tito Boeri was President of the Italian National Social Security Institute from March 2015 to February 2019 and is now professor at Bocconi University, Milan. In his interview with the IAB-Forum, Boeri explains the current situation and the future of the Italian social security system.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Benefit underreporting in survey data and its consequences for measuring non-take-up: new evidence from linked administrative and survey data

    02 April 2019

    The international literature studies non-take-up behavior of eligible populations to evaluate the effectiveness of government programs. A major challenge in this literature is the measurement error regarding benefit take-up. Measurement error is typically addressed by structural assumptions in the modeling framework. In our data, we observe both actual welfare receipt and respondents’ survey information on their take-up. This allows us to observe the measurement errors that other researchers must estimate. We describe survey misreporting and investigate how it biases the estimates of the magnitude and patterns of benefit take-up among eligible households. Our findings suggest that the extent of measurement error can be substantial. It varies with the characteristics of the misreporting population and is associated with the drivers of underreporting. This indicates that survey-based analyses of take-up behavior are likely subject to severe biases.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2019



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