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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    The greening of jobs in Germany - First evidence from a text mining based index and employment register data

    17 May 2018

    The transition towards a greener, less carbon-intensive economy leads to a growing demand for green products, services and business processes. In theory, this trend should lead to a greening of jobs, i.e. to an increasing share of environmentally friendly requirements within occupations (greening of occupations) and to a rising labor demand for employees in these occupations (greening of employment). Due to a lack of measures, there is no empirical evidence on the relationship between the greening of jobs and the real labor market development so far. To fill this gap, the paper measures, describes and analyzes the greening of jobs and its associations with employment and wage growth.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 14/2018


    Forms of employment in European comparison

    09 May 2018

    Compass arrow points to the word JOBGermany does not stand alone in having experienced changes in the landscape of work. However, these changes differ in comparison to other countries – both in relation to the relative importance of different forms of employment, and in terms of their development over time.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Migrant women labor-force participation in Germany Human capital, segmented labor market, and gender perspectives

    24 April 2018

    This paper analyzes individual, structural, and cultural factors that influence the labor-force participation of migrant women in Germany. Considering the well-established evidence that immigrant women work less than natives, with statuses and earnings differing significantly between them, The author investigates the economic activity of the former by examining the cross-sectional data from the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample 2013 with multiple linear regression techniques.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2018


    FDI and Unemployment, a Growth Perspective

    29 March 2018

    North-South foreign direct investment (FDI) is frequently viewed as a process in which
    jobs relocate from the North to the South. I build a growth model with two asymmetric
    trading economies, the North where firms innovate and the South where Northern firms
    invest to take advantage of lower wages.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2018


    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!

    23 March 2018

    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!The German labour market follows a fascinating employment trend since the year 2005. In contrast, wage growth remained weak until 2010 and although wage dynamics have picked up by now, they remain clearly subdued when compared to the vibrant development of employment and vacancies. Various explanations such as weak productivity development and the rise of service jobs are given for this phenomenon. In the same context, one often finds the strong migration to Germany. The argument is a classical one: migrants increase labour supply which leads to higher wage competition. We argue that such a mechanism is unlikely to have played a relevant role for German wages in the recent years.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    For better or worse? How more flexibility in working time arrangements and fatherhood affect men’s working hours in Germany

    22 March 2018

    Many fathers want to spend more time with their children and engage in household, but most of them continue to work full-time after the birth of a child. To better combine work and family, flexible working time arrangements might play a crucial role for fathers. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and fixed-effects regression models, we investigate the impact of flexible working time arrangements on actual working hours of men and fathers.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2018



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