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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Endogenizing take-up of social assistance in a microsimulation model

    08 July 2015

    Microsimulation studies typically assume that all entitlements to means-tested benefits are actually claimed by eligible households, despite a large body of research that suggests that take-up rates are substantially below 100%. The assumption of full take-up tends to exaggerate the simulated increase in caseloads and fiscal costs of a social policy reform. This paper investigates the impact of non-take-up for two hypothetical scenarios, namely increasing and decreasing the base amount of social assistance in Germany by €100 per month.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 20/2015

    Location choice of German multinationals in the Czech Republic

    07 July 2015

    This paper analyses the location choice of German investors in the Czech Republic based on a unique dataset covering all Czech companies with a German equity holder in 2010. The identification of the regional determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) location is an important regional policy issue as FDI is supposed to improve the labour market conditions of the host region. Using a nested logit approach the impact of agglomeration economies, labour market conditions and distance on the location choice decision is investigated.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 19/2015

    Spatial Dependence and Heterogeneity in Empirical Analyses of Regional Labour Market Dynamics

    23 June 2015

    Empirical research in economics and social studies often treat regions within a country as independent islands. Moreover, they implicitly assume that effects or relations are homogenous across all regions. Both assumptions seem unrealistic: for example, the impact of a global shock is likely to vary from one region to another. In this issue on regional labour markets, Norbert Schanne employs novel methods in spatial econometrics to describe and forecast their development. The analysis particularly focusses on the heterogeneity of regional dynamics and the spatially structured interdependency between locations.

    IAB-Bibliothek 354

    Wages in high-tech start-ups – do academic spin-offs pay a wage premium?

    15 June 2015

    Due to their origin from universities, academic spin-offs operate at the forefront of the technological development. Therefore, spin-offs exhibit a skill-biased labour demand, i.e. spin-offs have a high demand for employees with cutting edge knowledge and technical skills that distinguish them even from other high-tech start-up firms. In order to accommodate this demand, spin-offs may have to pay a relative wage premium compared to other high-tech start-ups. However, neither a comprehensive theoretical assessment nor the empirical literature on wages in start-ups unambiguously predicts the existence and the direction of wage differentials between spin-offs and non-spin-offs. This paper addresses this research gap and examines empirically whether or not spin-offs pay their employees a wage premium.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 17/2015

    The role of innovation and agglomeration for employment growth in the environmental sector

    01 June 2015

    The environmental sector is supposed to yield a dual benefit: its goods and Services are intended to help to tackle environmental challenges and its Establishments should create new jobs. However, it is still unclear in empirical terms whether that really is the case. This paper investigates whether employment growth in ‘green’ establishments with ‘green’ products and services is higher compared to other establishments. Furthermore, the main factors determining labor demand in this field are analyzed.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 16/2015



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