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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Trade and unions: Can exporters benefit from collective bargaining?

    20 October 2014

    Unions are often stigmatized as being a source of inefficiency due to higher collective bargaining outcomes. This is in stark contrast with the descriptive evidence presented in this paper. Larger firms choose to export and are also more likely to adopt collective bargaining. We rationalize those stylized facts using a partial equilibrium model that allows us to evaluate firms' value functions under individual or collective bargaining. Exporting further decreases average production costs for large firms in the collective bargaining regime, allowing them to benefit from additional external economies of scale due to lower bargaining costs. Our findings suggest that the positive correlation between export status and collective bargaining can be explained through size.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2014 


    The implementation of the German Classification of Occupations 2010 in the IAB Job Vacancy Survey

    30 September 2014

    The IAB-Job Vacancy Survey (IAB-JVS) is the only establishment survey in Germany which contains information about vacancies and new hires on an occupational level. When the new German Classification of Occupations 2010 was introduced, it became necessary to integrate it into the IAB-JVS. This report outlines the implementation of the new classification into the IAB-JVS questionnaire. It was conducted simultaneously with the renewal of the international classification, from ISCO-88 to ISCO-08.

    IAB-Forschungsbericht 10/2014


    Literature database of IAB

    26 September 2014

    Bücher in einem Bücherregal

    The literature database of IAB is accessible free-of-charge via the professional social-science portal sowiport. It contains roughly 140,000 instances of labour market-relevant literature, frequently along with an abstract and a link to full text. Here it is not only a question of IAB publications but – since the founding of IAB (the Institute for Employment Research) – also of a general literature database which has been built up and continually updated.

    Literature database of IAB


    Employment and earnings effects of awarding training vouchers in Germany

    17 September 2014

    In 2003, Germany moved from a system in which participants in training programs for the unemployed are assigned by caseworkers to an allocation system using vouchers. Based on the rich administrative data for all vouchers and on actual program participation, we provide inverse probability weighting and ordinary least squares estimates of the employment and earnings effects of a voucher award.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 23/2014



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