Gender gaps of the unemployed - What drives diverging labor market outcomes?
24 August 2016
Analyzing gender gaps of unemployed job-seekers, this study uniquely complements the broad literature focussing predominantly on gender gaps of employed workers. I consider a broad range of labor market outcomes, and disentangle the factors driving the labor market gaps of unemployed men and women. I show that unemployed women perform worse on the labor market due to earlier choices in occupations, their labor force attachment, and working time. By contrast, regional labor market disparities including differences of local employment offices, which are assigned to place unemployed job-seekers, are of minor importance. Married women and those with young children perform particularly bad compared to men. High unexplainable gender gaps for these groups suggest that family-related preferences, employer discrimination, and institutional settings matter for unemployment duration and the quality of reemployment.
IAB-Discussion Paper 27/2016
Does Personality Matter? The Impact of the Big Five on the Migrant and Gender Wage Gaps
17 August 2016
We investigate whether the Big Five Personality Dimensions contribute to explaining gender and Migrant wage gaps by using a linked employer-employee dataset. We expand the scarce literature concerning personality traits and gender wage gaps in Germany and we provide first evidence for the relationship between the Big Five and the migrant wage gap. Our results reveal that the genders differ in their average personality traits, as do migrants and natives. Further, we find significant associations between the Big Five and wages. The magnitude of this relationship varies across the gender and the migratory status. The results of Oaxaca-Blinder wage decompositions suggest that the Big Five significantly contribute to explaining gender and migrant wage gaps.
Types of FDI and determinants of affiliate size: the classification makes the difference
16 August 2016
This paper deals with the measurement of motives for foreign direct Investment (FDI). Due to a lack of information, several indirect measures exist in order to classify multinational firms into the two main types of FDI. While vertical foreign direct investment refers to the international fragmentation of the production process for cost-saving reasons, horizontal foreign direct investment is performed in order to gain access to new markets. One common approach to identify the dominant reason for firms to go abroad is to compare the industry affiliation of the investing company in the home country and the subsidiary in the target country. The question arises as to how reliable this measure is for identifying FDI motives.
IAB-Discussion Paper 25/2016
Effectiveness of sequences of classroom training for welfare recipients
12 August 2016
Sequences of active labour market programmes (ALMPs) may be part of an intensified activation strategy targeting hard-to-place individuals who may be long-term unemployed and who may encounter extreme difficulty in finding jobs. Such sequences are very common among welfare recipients in Germany, but most studies only evaluate either single ALMPs or unemployed individuals' first ALMP. Thus, I analyse the effects of participation in different sequences of classroom training, unemployment benefit II (UB-II)-receipt and One-Euro-Jobs for West German men and women on different labour market outcomes. Using rich administrative data and a dynamic matching approach, I can control for dynamic selection problems that occur during a sequence.
IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2016
Technological progress and (un)employment development
14 July 2016
In this paper the authors have presented research on the theorem about the employment effects of productivity growth under different conditions of product demand. In a first step they have developed a simple theoretical model establishing the relationship between technological progress and employment. This model has then been generalized taking the labour market explicitly into account which allows explaining unemployment and endogenising wages.
IAB-Discussion Paper 22/2016