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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Under heavy pressure

    01 December 2015

    With the introduction of a new welfare benefit system in 2005, Germany implemented quite strict benefit sanctions for welfare recipients aged younger than 25 years. For all types of non-compliance except for missing appointments, their basic cash benefit is withdrawn for three months. A second sanction of the same type within one year implies a complete benefit cut for three months. We analyze the impact of these sanctions on job search outcomes and on transitions out of the labor force. Our analysis is based on administrative data on a large inflow sample of young male jobseekers into welfare in West Germany.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 34/2015

    Special Issue “lidA - German Cohort Study on Work, Age and Health” of the Journal for Labour Market Research

    30 November 2015

    The lidA study group, a cooperation between the Universities of Wuppertal, Ulm and Magdeburg, the IAB, the Institute for Applied Social Sciences (infas) and the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) set up the 'lidA Cohort Study - German Cohort Study on Work, Age, Health and Work Participation' to investigate the effects of work and work context on the physical and psychological health of the ageing workforce in Germany. The articles in this special issue combine a sample of papers presenting results gained from the lidA study and papers presented at the workshop took place in Nuremberg in October 2012.

    Access to full-texts via the publisher (possibly at a charge): lidA - German Cohort Study on Work, Age and Health (Volume 48, Issue 3, October 2015)

    Commuting farther and earning more?

    25 November 2015

    Over the past several decades, most industrialized countries have experienced a rise in commuting distances, spurring scholarly interest in its determinants. The primary theoretical explanation for longer commuting distances is based on higher wages; however, empirical evidence is minimal.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 33/2015

    Long-term unemployment and labor force participation

    19 November 2015

    We sharpen tests for 'discouragement' and 'added worker' effects by splitting the explanatory variable - the unemployment rate - into a short-term and a long-term component. While short-term unemployment might not result in additional workers on a large scale, long-term unemployment reduces household income more, increasing the need for additional income. On the other hand, it may discourage older workers for psychological and sociological reasons. Applying our model to the German labor market, these hypotheses could be confirmed. Even for men, about whom only few empirical studies on this issue are available, distinguishing between short-term and long-term unemployment reveals discouragement effects."

    IAB-Discussion Paper 32/2015

    IAB offers internships for refugees

    06 November 2015

    For IAB, the integration of refugees into the labour market is not only a matter of research but also a question of practical commitment. This is the reason why in 2016 we are making a total of ten internships available to refugees. The offer is aimed at persons who have fled from their home countries. They should already have studied in their home country, ideally economic or social sciences. A good knowledge of English or German is a prerequisite.

    You can find more information under Internship at IAB. Please address applications to:

    The impact of changing youth employment patterns on future wages

    06 November 2015

    This study examines employment patterns on the labor market for German apprenticeship graduates and returns to early-career employment stability over the past four decades. The data indicate the decreasing stability of youth employment since the late 1980s. Exploiting variation in the timing of macroeconomic shocks, I identify true state dependencies and find that stable employment early in professional life exhibits significant wage returns in future periods. These returns are particularly pronounced at the bottom of the wage distribution and have substantially increased during the 1990s. Accordingly, securing the training-to- work transitions would primarily be beneficial for the wage growth of workers with a generally low earning potential.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 31/2015

    Forecasting employment in Europe: Are survey results helpful?

    03 November 2015

    In this paper the authors evaluate the forecasting performance of employment expectations for employment growth in 15 European states. She observe the best results for one quarter ahead predictions that are primarily the aim of the survey question. However, employment expectations also work well for longer forecast horizons in some countries.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 30/2015

    Misreporting to looping questions in surveys

    30 October 2015

    Looping questions are used to collect data about several similar events, such as employment spells, retirement accounts, or marriages. Looping questions can be asked in two formats, and which format a survey uses may affect the quality of the data collected. The authors develop theory-based hypotheses about the effects that the choice of format has on measurement error in looping questions and test the hypotheses using experimental data from a recent web survey with a link to administrative records.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 29/2015 

    Detecting unemployment hysteresis

    23 October 2015

    We construct a new Markov-switching unobserved components framework for the analysis of hysteresis effects. Our model unifies the ingredients of trend-cycle decomposition, identification of spillovers between the components and asymmetry over the business cycle. Employing the model for Germany and the U.S. over 55 years, we find that the decades-long upward trend in German unemployment is fully explained by hysteresis. The Great Recession was well absorbed because both hysteresis effects and structural unemployment were substantially reduced after institutional reforms. In contrast, U.S. unemployment did not evolve according to hysteresis, not even during the Great Recession.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 28/2015



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