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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

 

    The impact of the digital revolution on the labour market: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    14 September 2017

    Beitragsbild Video "digitale Revolution": Roboter und Mensch schütteln HändeIs the digital revolution a job-destroyer or a job-creator? How will it change traditional occupational images? In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller discusses these questions and argues for a “flexibility compromise” between the social partners as a strategy to organize the consequences of technological change on the labour market in a productive and socially acceptable manner.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Should the US introduce a dual vocational training system following the German example? Four questions to IAB researcher Simon Janssen

    13 September 2017

    In an article in the renowned Wall Street Journal of 8 September 2016 (“Germany offers a promising jobs model”), the American labour market economist Edward Lazear and the IAB researcher Simon Janssen recommend that the US introduce a dual vocational training system following the German example. The US economist Erik A. Hanushek clearly objected to this in another article in the Wall Street Journal (“German-Style Apprenticeships Simply Can’t Be Replicated”).

    You can find the full interview in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    The Fall of the Labour Income Share: the Role of Technological Change and Imperfect Labour Markets

    13 September 2017

    The non-constancy of factor shares is drawing the attention of many researchers. We document an average drop of the labour share of 8 percentage points for eight European countries and the US between 1980 and 2007. They investigate theoretically and empirically two mechanisms: the substitution between Information Communication Technology (ICT) and labour and the presence of hiring costs.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 28/2017


    Counteracting unemployment in crises: Non-linear effects of short-time work policy

    13 September 2017

    Short-time work is a labor market policy that subsidizes working time reductions among firms in financial difficulty in order to prevent layoffs and stabilize employment. Many OECD countries have used this policy in the Great Recession, for example. This paper shows that the effects of discretionary short-time work are strongly time dependent and non-linear over the business cycle.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 27/2017


    Active labour market policy in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    01 September 2017

    Beitragsbild Video: Active labour market policy in GermanyActive labour market policy plays an important role in Germany. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller discusses its underlying principles such as the idea of “demanding and supporting” (Fordern und Fördern). He emphasizes the fact that evaluation results tend to have a significant impact on the design of labour market policies.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Examining the Link Between Health Measures, Management Practices and Establishment Performance

    23 August 2017

    In this paper they examine the relationship between establishment-level health measures, Anglo-Saxon management practices and labor productivity, as well as median wages. Based on the observation that management practices are positively associated with establishment outcomes, they test whether health measures have a distinct effect on their own, or if they are already comprised in management practices.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 26/2017


    The dual apprenticeship system in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    16 August 2017

    Ausbildung KFZ-LehrstätteYouth unemployment in Germany is very low by international standards. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller attributes this success to three factors: the favourable economic situation, the introduction of “youth employment advisory services” (Jugendberufsagenturen) supporting the transition from school to employment and, in particular, the well-established system of dual vocational training, which combines on-the-job training in the firms with part-time education in a vocational school.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Regional mobility of unemployed workers

    11 August 2017

    Modern labour markets are characterised by the high levels of flexibility they demand of workers and unemployed individuals in particular. Increasing the willingness of jobseekers for regional mobility is an integral part of this development and was at the heart of the far reaching Hartz reforms of the German labour market in the early 2000s. Within this context, this research assesses the role regional mobility plays in the job search of unemployed individuals.

    IAB-Bibliothek 365


    Ethnic diversity in start-ups and its impact on Innovation

    08 August 2017

    The study analyses the impact of different ethnic compositions of start-ups in Germany on the innovativeness of the new businesses. We are able to distinguish between the ethnicity of the founders and that of the early employees following new results that demonstrate the importance of including all new firms’ stakeholders for the firm’s success. We make use of a measure introduced by Ruef (2002) and Ruef et al. (2003) which not only takes into account the number of different ethnicities involved, but also includes the unusualness of the ethnic compositions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 25/2017


    Creative and science oriented employees and firm innovation: A key for Smarter Cities?

    07 August 2017

    This paper examines the link between the endowment of creative and science based STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics – workers and the level of the firm and firm- and city-/regional-level innovation in Germany. It also looks into whether the presence of these two groups of workers has greater benefits for larger cities than smaller locations, thus justifying policies to attract these workers in order to make German cities ‘smarter’.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2017


    Refugees and migration in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    03 August 2017

    Beitragsbild MigrationIn recent years, Germany has taken in a great number of people who abandoned their home countries fleeing from the war, political persecution and economic hardship. In 2015, the number of those who fled to Germany amounted to almost one million which is a historic record high. Integration of these people into the labour market poses a massive challenge for the country. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller gives an overview of the results of a large-scale refugee survey, and discusses the prospects of integration of those who fled to Germany into the German labour market, as well as the impact on the labour market status of the native population.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Identifying Asymmetric Effects of Labor Market Reforms

    01 August 2017

    This paper investigates whether the effects of structural labor market reforms depend on the business cycle. Based on search and matching theory, the authors propose an unobserved components approach with Markov switching to distinguish the effects of structural reforms that increase the flexibility of the labor market in recession and expansion.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 23/2017


    Innovation and Location in German Knowledge Intensive Business Service firms

    26 July 2017

    Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) are widely perceived as being important drivers of technological progress and innovation. KIBS are generally understood as depending, driving and thriving on knowledge exchanges and therefore, geographical proximity to markets, customers and suppliers would be expected to be a critical factor in their performance. This paper investigates how the innovation performance and processes of KIBS firms are related to their distance from the nearest city and also to the size of the nearest city.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 22/2017


    The German minimum wage: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    20 July 2017

    5-Euro-Schein und MünzenAfter many years of debates, 2015 saw the introduction of a statutory minimum wage of € 8.50 per hour (€ 8.84 since 2017) in Germany. While opponents of the minimum wage predicted negative effects on employment, some advocates expected the number of wage earners depending on social basic benefits to decrease significantly due to the minimum wage. In an interview for the IAB-Forum, Joachim Möller, Director of IAB, explains to what extent these fears or hopes proved true.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Stability of Functional Labour Market Regions

    20 July 2017

    The number of commuters and the distances of home-to-work travel have increased in recent decades. Based on a previous study that proposed a new approach for delineating functional labour market regions, this paper focuses on the temporal stability of delineations of labour market regions in Germany. In a comparison of the best delineations among pooled groups of three years beginning in 1993, regions are classified as core regions, related regions or overlapping regions. The main finding is that regions surrounding important labour market centres form stable labour markets. Over time, most employees belong to the same labour market region or parts of it.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 21/2016



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