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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Urbanization, Commuting and Regional Labor Markets

    10 April 2018

    Due to its regional structure, with numerous centers of intensive economic activity, Germany lends itself particularly to analyses of spatial mechanisms of cities and interrelationships between regions. As a result of the increase in urban population, commuting serves as a spatial dispersion mechanism and leads to interactions between regional labor markets. The author studies how local labor markets interact, how densely populated markets facilitate the search for a new job and how employees react to changes in their commuting distance.

    IAB-Bibliothek 368


    Labour market advice and job placement of refugees: Labour market integration is still a long way off

    10 April 2018

    BA-IntegrationsmesseA few refugees get a job soon after they arrived in Germany. However, for most of them labour market integration is still a long way off. Bevor getting a job, many refugees have to learn German and engage in retraining or vocational education and training. As far as labour market integration of refugees is concerned, job counsellors in the public employment service play an essential role. In an extensive research project the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) has analysed the process of labour market advice and job placement of refugees.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Bogus self-employment in Germany. Also a question of definition

    03 April 2018

    Six folders, four labeled with the word employed, one labeled with self-employed and one lebels with a ?Based on a large-scale empirical study with 30,000 participants, the IAB explored the dissemination of bogus self-employment in Germany. In particular, the study analyses which labour market groups are over average affected by bogus self-employment as an illegal form of employment. The study employs alternative legal definitions of employment to test the sensitivity of the results.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    FDI and Unemployment, a Growth Perspective

    29 March 2018

    North-South foreign direct investment (FDI) is frequently viewed as a process in which
    jobs relocate from the North to the South. I build a growth model with two asymmetric
    trading economies, the North where firms innovate and the South where Northern firms
    invest to take advantage of lower wages.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2018


    Digitalisation, hiring and personnel policy: evidence from a representative business survey

    27 March 2018

    In this paper we examine how employment and hiring processes develop in the course of digitalisation in German establishments. To this end we use a large representative business survey – the IAB Job Vacancy Survey – that was extended in 2015 to include special questions about the state of digital development in each establishment surveyed, thereby permitting a direct link between the topics of digitalisation and employment/hiring.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2018


    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!

    23 March 2018

    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!The German labour market follows a fascinating employment trend since the year 2005. In contrast, wage growth remained weak until 2010 and although wage dynamics have picked up by now, they remain clearly subdued when compared to the vibrant development of employment and vacancies. Various explanations such as weak productivity development and the rise of service jobs are given for this phenomenon. In the same context, one often finds the strong migration to Germany. The argument is a classical one: migrants increase labour supply which leads to higher wage competition. We argue that such a mechanism is unlikely to have played a relevant role for German wages in the recent years.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    For better or worse? How more flexibility in working time arrangements and fatherhood affect men’s working hours in Germany

    22 March 2018

    Many fathers want to spend more time with their children and engage in household, but most of them continue to work full-time after the birth of a child. To better combine work and family, flexible working time arrangements might play a crucial role for fathers. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and fixed-effects regression models, we investigate the impact of flexible working time arrangements on actual working hours of men and fathers.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2018


    Do active labour market policies for welfare recipients in Germany raise their regional outflow into work?

    05 March 2018

    While many studies estimated the effects of active labour market programmes (ALMPs) on the participants’ labour market outcomes, much fewer studies are con-cerned with effects of these policies on the regional matching-process between job seekers and vacancies. An essential part of many reforms of the unemployment benefit system such as in Germany intended to activate unemployed job-seekers through an intense use of ALMPs. Therefore, it is crucial to understand whether such policies can improve the matching efficiency. We analyse quarterly panel data of German job centres in the period 2006 to 2011 and estimate the effects of the most important ALMPs on the regional exit rate from job-seeking into regular employment in a matching-function framework by applying the system generalized methods of moments estimator.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2018


    Cohort size and labour-market outcomes

    28 February 2018

    How does the size of young age cohorts affect the labour-market outcomes of these groups? Employing different microeconometric methods in an empirical analysis at the regional level, Duncan Roth addresses this question in the four essays contained in this book. The analysis deals with the effects on wages, employment and unemployment as well as the duration of search for employment following labour-market entry.

    IAB-Bibliothek 367


    Long-term unemployment: a European comparison

    23 February 2018

    Long-term unemployment: a European comparisonFor many years, Germany was notable for its high levels of long-term unemployment compared to other countries. However, in contrast to the European trend, the number of long-term unemployed has decreased significantly since the mid-2000s. In most other European countries the number of long-term unemployed rose to a greater or lesser degree as a result of the financial and Euro debt crisis.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    German FDI in the Czech Republic – Employment effects in the home country

    22 February 2018

    Do investments in the Czech Republic lead to employment growth or employment losses in the German firms involved? To address this question, a unique database about German firms with foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Czech Republic and firms without FDI in any country has been established within the IAB-ReLOC project. By developing a new method for linking firm-level data with establishment-level data of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), this database is now linked with the IAB employment data. As the exact dates of the investments in the Czech Republic are known, the employment development of firms with Czech affiliates and firms without FDI is compared for the same time periods.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2018



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