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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Fachkräftemangel - Fakt oder Fiktion?

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Abstract

"Part I of the present dissertation will initially provide a clear definition of the terms lack of labour, lack of skilled labour and shortages of skilled labour, which can easily be applied and allows for a differentiation of quite different phenomena. Based on theoretical considerations and numerous empirical findings, the possible causes of relative supply shortages will be established and it will be shown that, so far, the balancing processes on the German labour market have been affected rather by qualitative discrepancies between both sides of the market than by an actual lack of manpower and/or skilled employees. While macroeconomic indicators only allow for insufficient analyses, representative business surveys can provide information on the extent of such shortages and their causes within a short period of time. On the basis of logistic regression models, an investigation will be carried out for the years 2006-2007 which will establish the in-company as well as the external factors that significantly influenced the occurrence of qualification-induced problems of filling positions, as well as the existence of latent vacancies for which companies are no longer looking for staff. The basis for this investigation are data from the IAB's (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung, Institute for Employment Research) job vacancy survey (IAB-EGS), a representative business survey on vacancies and staffing processes in Germany which includes all industrial sectors and company size classes. From the results of several estimates a clear need for action can be deduced. In particular, realistic and ready-to-compromise personnel planning is necessary as well as the establishment of an attractive employer image on the company side and a significant increase of public education investments on the part of the government." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographical information

Kettner, Anja (2012): Fachkräftemangel - Fakt oder Fiktion? * empirische Analysen zum betrieblichen Fachkräftebedarf in Deutschland. (IAB-Bibliothek, 337), Bielefeld: Bertelsmann, 171 p.
 

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