Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

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Zertifikat "audit berufundfamilie"

Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Soziale Mobilität, Ursachen für Auf- und Abstiege



"The report examines social mobility and its causes from the longitudinal perspective of the life course. In order to do this, the data of the large-scale surveys of German social and economic data (e.g., the Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP), the German General Social Survey (ALLBUS), and the Labour Market and Social Security Panel Study (PASS) along with official statistics (e.g., the German labour force microcensus) are used. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the structure of the report together with the concepts used. Against the background of the reporting on poverty, the procedure in relation to the analyses of childhood and youth is multidimensional: Along with the poverty dynamics that are primarily determined by the income of adult members of the household (Chapter 2), the educational transitions of the children themselves are taken into account as decisive points that set the course for their future social situation (Chapter 3). Where young adults are concerned, the report concentrates on the transitions from school to occupational training and then from occupational training to the labour market as the decisive determinants of the future individual development vis-à-vis welfare (Chapter 4). The focus in middle and higher adult age-groups centres especially on income-based social advances (Chapter 6) and/or declines (Chapter 5) both from, or into, poverty or the risk of poverty. The perspective of the life course is complemented from childhood to late adulthood by taking intergenerational social mobility over the course of time into account (Chapter 7) and by subjective indicators for the social position and social mobility of the person concerned (Chapter 8). The most important findings of the study can be summed up in ten messages: 1. Employment is the most important adjusting screw through which to avoid poverty. 2. The increased participation of women in the labour market lowers the risk of poverty in the family. 3. Lone parents are particularly at risk of poverty and should therefore receive extra support 4. Education is the key to sustainably combatting poverty .5. Lifelong learning can protect groups at risk against poverty through targeted support. 6. Measures aimed at the social inclusion of children and young people lower the risk of later poverty. 7. When children and young people are given assistance, the length of their experience of poverty should be taken into account. 8. Sound health protects against poverty. 9. A great many possible conditions for success have not yet been confirmed in their effect and thus require accompanying evaluation. 10. The findings of the trend analyses on social advancement and decline do not indicate an increasing social dynamic." (Text excerpt, IAB-Doku)


  • Pollak, Reinhard
  • Allmendinger, Jutta
  • Ehlert, Martin
  • Gatermann, Dörthe
  • Heisig, Jan Paul
  • Kohl, Steffen
  • Radenacker, Anke
  • Schmeißer, Claudia
  • Trappmann, Mark
  • Beste, Jonas

Bibliographical information

Pollak, Reinhard (Proj.Ltr.); Allmendinger, Jutta (Proj.Ltr.); Ehlert, Martin; Gatermann, Dörthe; Heisig, Jan Paul; Kohl, Steffen; Radenacker, Anke; Schmeißer, Claudia; Trappmann, Mark; Beste, Jonas (2013): Social mobility, causes for advancements and declines : a study for the 4th Poverty and Wealth Report of the German Federal Government on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs. Research report. (Lebenslagen in Deutschland. Armuts- und Reichtumsberichterstattung der Bundesregierung, 04), Bonn, 313 p.