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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Demography and unemployment in East Germany

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Abstract

"We analyze the relation between population aging and the decline of unemployment in East Germany for the years from 1996 to 2012. To this we scrutinize both a direct and an indirect effect of aging on unemployment. The direct effect includes a decomposition of the East German unemployment rate into three components considering changes in the workforce's age structure, labor market participation, and age-specific unemployment rates. Results show that changes in the age structure of the workforce counteracted unemployment decline since 2005. Spatial panel regressions on the small-scale regional level, however, point towards an indirect effect of aging on unemployment that works through the increasing competition for labor. Overall results show that the declining unemployment rate in East Germany is indeed affected by aging as evidenced by a declining youth share and an increasing old-age share. This indicates that a reversed cohort crowding effect has taken place." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliographical information

Fuchs, Michaela; Weyh, Antje (2014): Demography and unemployment in East Germany * how close are the ties? (IAB-Discussion Paper, 26/2014), N├╝rnberg, 28 p.
 

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