Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

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Zertifikat "audit berufundfamilie"

Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

When the difference makes a difference


"Regional determinants of new firm formation are of interest to researchers and policymakers. In the analysis of new firm formation, most studies use econometric approaches that mask intra-unit variations, not recognizing counterbalancing and dilution effects as a result. Recent advances in spatial statistics such as Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) take local variations into account. However, these approaches operate only on a bivariate level, making it impossible to detect the homogenous parts of the area under examination with regard to a number of relationships between new firm formation and its determinants. Based on a sample of 412 German regions, we apply GWR and subsequent graph-partitioning clustering to identify multi-relationally homogeneous sub-areas. Being that the results suggest a four-cluster solution, 'one size fits all' policies and premature unit zoning can be called into question." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Further information


  • Breitenecker, Robert J.
  • Harms, Rainer
  • Weyh, Antje
  • Maresch, Daniela
  • Kraus, Sascha

Bibliographical information

Breitenecker, Robert J.; Harms, Rainer; Weyh, Antje; Maresch, Daniela; Kraus, Sascha (2017): When the difference makes a difference * The regional embeddedness of entrepreneurship. In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 29, No. 1/2, pp. 71-93.