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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Ethnic concentration and language fluency of immigrants



"The paper analyses the impact of regional own-ethnic concentration on the language proficiency of immigrants. It solves the endogeneity of immigrants' location choices by exploiting the fact that guest-workers in Germany after WWII were initially placed by firms and labor agencies. We find a robust negative effect of ethnic concentration on immigrants' language ability. Simulation results of a simultaneous location and learning choice model confirm the presence of the effect and show how immigrants with high learning cost select into ethnic enclaves. Under the counterfactual scenario of a regionally equal distribution of immigrants the share of German-speakers increases only modestly." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Further information


  • Danzer, Alexander M.
  • Yaman, Firat

Bibliographical information

Danzer, Alexander M.; Yaman, Firat (2010): Ethnische Konzentration und Sprachkompetenz von Einwanderern : quasi-experimentelle Befunde aus der Gastarbeiteranwerbung in Deutschland. (IAB-Discussion Paper, 10/2010), N├╝rnberg, 51 p.