Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Navigation zu den wichtigsten Bereichen.

Hauptnavigation.

Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    European Labour Market Barometer: Slightly subdued outlook due to second corona wave

    03 December 2020

    The European labour market barometer provides an outlook for the development of the European labour market in the next three months. In November 2020, component A (unemployment) stands at 99.1 points; component B (employment) stands at 98.0 points; the European labour market barometer averages both components and stands at 98.5 points. Values above 100 signal a positive outlook, values below 100 signal a negative outlook.In November, the European Labour Market Barometer stands at 98.5 points. The leading indicator published by the European Network of Public Employment Services and the IAB thus points to a moderately negative development of the European labour market in the coming months.

    Press release

    European Labour Market Barometer


    Video “Labour Market Transitions and the challenges of the Corona Crisis” by Bernd Fitzenberger

    23 November 2020

    Bernd Fitzenberger spricht zum PublikumIn this video IAB-Director Bernd Fitzenberger highlights some worrying developments of the vocational training system in Germany. In addition, he summarizes three exemplary IAB-studies on labour market transitions, focussing on lower-qualified youth, high school students during school-closings, and occupational mobility. Fitzenberger held his speech on 7 September 2020 at the IAB-conference “Labour Market Transitions: Challenges for Public Policies and Research” in Nuremberg.

    The Video is available at: Youtube

    More videos of the conference are available at: the IAB Youtube-channel


    To work or not to work? A case study on the structure of student employment and its possible effects on students’ jobs during the Corona crisis

    20 November 2020

    Young girl looking at a cpmputer screen with a tired expressionThe consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic affect gainfully employed students in two ways. On the one hand, their academic progress might slow down due to the cancellation of on-site classes and the transition to online teaching. On the other hand, they might lose their student jobs, and as a result run into financial distress. However, up to now we know little about how high students’ risk of losing their job actually is. Analysing the structure of student employment at the University of Regensburg between 2011 and 2016, we estimate that such job loss might potentially affect about 20 percent of the students.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Care-Arrangements and Parental Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany

    17 November 2020

    This study examines the short-term consequences for care-arrangements and resulting changes in well-being among parents, who were affected by the closure of schools and institutional child-care during the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany. By applying multinomial logistic regression models to novel panel data from the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS-Corona_CAWI_C2), the study finds that mothers play a key role in the ad-hoc care-arrangements during the COVID-19 pandemic confirming the traditional division of family work in German couples. Moreover, the results illustrate the importance of working conditions, especially the possibility of remote work, in the bargaining processes of parents. However, contrary to our assumptions, parents’ well-being was not influenced by the chosen care-arrangement during the first months of the crisis.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 35/2020


    Personality Traits and Further Training

    05 November 2020

    The notion of lifelong learning is gaining importance, not only in the labor market but also in other areas of modern societies. Previous research finds variation in occupation-related training participation by worker and workplace characteristics, gender, and education. However, evidence on the individual’s socio-emotional skills creating favorable conditions for overall further training is scarce. To close this research gap, we analyze the role of personality for further training participation. First, we compare how the Big Five Personality Dimensions relate to different training types by differentiating between non-formal and informal training measures. Second, we investigate how personality traits affect further training chosen for occupational and private reasons separately.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 34/2020


    IAB-Database on Corona containment measures

    28 October 2020

    Young people are sitting in a park, keeping distance from each other.The IAB complied a day-by-day data overview, which Corona containment measures had been introduced when and where in Germany, broken down by federal state and in some cases by district. The database is updated by the IAB regularly. The data are freely available for researchers. Here, you find the current version of the database:

    IAB-Database on Corona containment measures

    Competing for jobs: How COVID-19 changes search behaviour in the labour market

    26 October 2020

    Little is known so far about how the corona crisis has changed search processes in the labour market. We provide insights on labour market competition, reallocation of applications and potential sullying effects by analysing data from the LinkedIn professional network for Germany. We find that competition among workers for jobs strongly increased. The data allow us to trace that back to additional job seekers rather than higher search intensity. Furthermore, the LinkedIn data show that people from industries particularly affected by the crisis apply much more frequently and there has been a substantial shift in the target industries for applications. Finally, we find that dur-ing the crisis applications are made significantly more often below and significantly less often above a person’s level of seniority.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 33/2020


    Unemployment insurance for the self-employed: a way forward post-corona

    21 October 2020

    With the COVID-19 crisis as background, the underlying paper elaborates on setting up an unemployment insurance for self-employed. While a comprehensive approach would have clear advantages, it is crucial to adapt the rules of existing insurances for wage earners appropriately addressing the specific needs of self-employed. Therefore, we discuss key rules and conditions with regard to self-employed and derive conclusions on how unemployment insurance for them should be designed. In this, we investigate the key elements of such an insurance.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 32/2020


    New European Labour Market Barometer shows: prospects on the labour market are stabilising

    20 October 2020

    The European labour market barometer provides an outlook for the development of the European labour market in the next three months. In September 2020, component A (unemployment) stands at 99.5 points; component B (employment) stands at 98.0 points; the European labour market barometer averages both components and stands at 98.7 points. Values above 100 signal a positive outlook, values below 100 signal a negative outlook.A European Labour Market Barometer, published for the first time on Tuesday, shows: The prospects on the labour market are stabilising in many European countries. The European Labour Market Barometer was 98.7 points in September. Compared to the previous month, it has risen by 0.8 points. After the labour market indicator fell by 6.9 to 93.6 points in April, a considerable part of the decline has now been offset. "The situation on the labour market in Europe is stabilising, but the crisis is not over yet", explains Enzo Weber, who initiated the European project. Risks lie in the infection dynamics and economic transformation.

    Press release

    European Labour Market Barometer

    More about the European Labour Market Barometer can be found at www.iab-forum.de/en/launch-of-the-european-labour-market-barometer

    To work or to study? Postmigration educational investments of adult refugees in Germany – evidence from a choice experiment

    19 October 2020

    In this article, we analyze individual factors and situational conditions under which immigrants are more or less likely to invest in host country-specific human capital. Theoretically, we root our expectations in a strand of the immigrant human capital investment model combined with a basic model of educational decisions. Using a choice experiment, we simulate a decision process among refugees in Germany and examine the determinants of investment decisions into host country-specific credentials such as vocational education. The choice experiment was introduced in the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees (2020), a representative longitudinal survey of recently arrived refugees in Germany. We find that refugees’ probability of investing in vocational education is guided by the transferability of foreign human capital, the time horizon to reap investments, and rational cost-benefit considerations. The probability of success is influential on its own but also bolsters the relevance of costs and benefits in educational choices.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 31/2020


    Keynote-video “The effects of changes in business taxation on firms, workers and local labour markets” by Professor Christian Dustmann

    07 October 2020

    The photo shows Professor Christian Dustmann, PhD, Professor of Economics at the University College London and Director of the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), during a keynote speech.The video shows the keynote speech “The effects of changes in business taxation on firms, workers and local labour markets” by Professor Christian Dustmann, PhD, Professor of Economics at the University College London and Director of the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM). Dustmann investigates how changes in local business taxes affects local labour markets, extablishments, and workers. He held his speech on 7 September 2020 at the IAB-conference “Labour Market Transitions: Challenges for Public Policies and Research” in Nuremberg.

    The video of the keynote speech is available at: https://youtu.be/XyZhIySqRdI.



Archive
 

Infobereich.

Current conferences

27. - 28. May 2021
Refugee Migration and Integration Revisited: Lessons from the Recent Past
IAB-ECSR interdisciplinary conference

Current publications

The publication series "Current reports" is now an integrated part of the online magazin IAB-Forum.

Abspann.