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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    3rd Forum „Higher Education and the Labour Market“ (HELM) of the DZHW and the IAB

    08 June 2021

    People standing together in a room that looks like a digital matrixOn September 20th and 21st 2021, the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW) and the IAB will hold the 3rd forum „Higher Education and the Labour Market“ (HELM). In addition to general contributions on the link between higher education and the labour market, contributions on this year’s focus topic “Dropping out of Higher Education: Reasons, Selectivity, and Labour Market Outcomes“ are particularly welcome. The conference will be held online. The conference language is English.

    For details, please refer to the full Call for Papers.

    Virtual Seminar Series on Minimum Wages and Low Wage Policies

    08 June 2021

    Man calculates sum of money.In May, June and July, the IAB and the Labor and Socio-Economic Research Center (LASER) of the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg jointly organize a weekly virtual seminar series on "Minimum Wages and Low Wage Policies"

    In the seminar, current research projects from the international research community are presented and discussed.

    The next seminar and keynote by Ellora Derenoncourt (University of California Berkeley) takes place June 14th, 2021 at 5pm Central European Summer Time.

    Free registration is available via XING Events

    Virtual Seminar series: Corona – leveller or amplifier of social and economic inequality?

    08 June 2021

    A seesaw tilts to the right. On the left end there is a red man with a small stack of coins, on the lower right end there is a blue man with two larger stacks of coins.The Corona pandemic has far-reaching economic and social consequences for our society, in addition to the health implications. This raises a wide range of questions about social and economic inequalities, which will be discussed in the virtual interdisciplinary seminar series "Corona - leveller or amplifier of social and economic inequality?".

    On June 14, 2021  from 12:00 until 13:00 CET, Sebastian Dullien (Scientific Director of the IMK) and Bettina Kohlrausch (Scientific Director of the WSI) will present their paper "Dissecting the Covid-19 Supply Shock: Which Role did School Closures play?"

    Registration via XING Events

    European Labour Market Barometer: Biggest rise recorded so far

    04 June 2021

    The European labour market barometer provides an outlook for the development of the European labour market in the next three months. In May 2021, component A (unemployment) stands at 103.8 points; component B (employment) stands at 102.7 points; the European labour market barometer averages both components and stands at 103.3 points. Values above 100 signal a positive outlook, values below 100 signal a negative outlook. The European Labour Market Barometer climbed to 103.3 points in May. With a rise of 2.0 points compared to April, the leading indicator of the European Network of Public Employment Services and the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) therefore registered its strongest growth since its records began. “The grip of the pandemic is easing,” says IAB head of forecast Enzo Weber, feeling optimistic. “Europe’s labour markets are starting to recover.”

    Press release

    European Labour Market Barometer

    Social protection of atypical workers during the Covid-19 crisis

    28 May 2021

    A map of Europe with a Corona Virus hovering over the mapThe Covid-19 crisis acts like a magnifying glass under which already existing problems within countries’ social protection systems become more visible than before. It puts the spotlight on weaknesses, especially the social protection of the atypically employed and the (solo) self-employed.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.

    Click the following link for more articles in the series “COVID-19 Crisis: Consequences for the Labour Market".

    FDI and Onshore Employment Dynamics - Evidence from German Firms with Affiliates in the Czech Republic

    10 May 2021

    In this paper, we revisit questions about the onshore employment effects of firms that conduct foreign direct investment (FDI) in countries with substantially lower averagewages. Our results derive from the use of rich administrative records on the universe of employees in German multinational enterprises (MNEs) that were active in the Czech Republic in 2010. Compared with former studies, the unique dataset in this study includes a much higher fraction of small and medium-sized firms and leads to strikingly different results for service MNEs. Applying coarsened exact matching for firms and an event-study design, we show that the domestic employment growth of MNEs decreases relative to that of non-MNEs and that the affected workers are those with low or medium educational attainment in the manufacturing sector and with medium or high educational attainment in the service sector. Regarding workers’ tasks, our results do not show that FDI affects routine jobs beyond a worker’s skill level.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2021

    Who Suffers the Greatest Loss? Costs of Job Displacement for Migrants and Natives

    04 May 2021
    The authors are the first to provide empirical evidence on differences in the individual costs of job loss for migrants compared to natives in Germany. Using linked employer-employee data for the period 1996-2017, they compute each displaced worker’s earnings, wage, and employment loss after a mass layoff in comparison to a matched, nondisplaced, control worker.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2021

    Industry interconnectedness and regional economic growth in Germany

    28 April 2021

    Urban systems, and regions more generally, are the epicenters of many of today’s social issues. Yet they are also the global drivers of technological innovation and thus it is critical that we understand their vulnerabilities and what makes them resilient to different types of shocks. We take regions to be systems composed of internal networks of interdependent components. As the connectedness of those networks increases, it allows information and resources to move more rapidly within a region. Yet, it also increases the speed and efficiency at which the effects of shocks cascade through the system. Here we analyze regional networks of interdependent industries and how their structures relate to a region’s vulnerability to shocks. Methodologically, we utilize a metric of economic connectedness, known as tightness, which attempts to quantify the ambiguous notion of a region’s internal connectedness relative to other regions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2021

    European labour market dynamics after the outbreak of the Covid-19 crisis

    16 April 2021

    Graphic with an arrow pointing downIn the Covid-19 crisis, governments around the world are struggling to secure jobs and businesses. Short-time work and comprehensive liquidity support benefit companies, which have so far relied more on these measures than on layoffs. However, the uncertain economic outlook deters many firms from hiring new staff. Also, the number of potential workers is declining throughout Europe, as many are withdrawing from the labour market. In order to analyse the mechanisms behind these dropping employment figures, this article gives an outline of developments in labour market flow statistics in Europe after the outbreak of the Covid-19 crisis.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum

    Click the following link for more articles in the series “COVID-19 Crisis: Consequences for the Labour Market"

    Central Exams and Adult Skills: Evidence from PIAAC

    13 April 2021

    Central exams are often hypothesized to favorably affect incentive structures in schools. Indeed, previous research provides vast evidence on the positive effects of central exams on student test scores. But critics warn that these effects may arise through the strategic behavior of students and teachers, which may not affect human capital accumulation in the long run. Exploiting variation in examination types across school systems and over time, we provide the first evidence that central exams positively affect adult skills. However, our estimates are small compared to the existing estimates for students, which may indicate some fade-out in the effect on skills over time.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2021



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